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JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology flying Leopard Flounder

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JH-7 Xian FBC-1 Flying Leopard fighter bomber aircraft
 
 
 

JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology

 
Description

The Xian JH-7 also known as the FBC-1 Flying Leopard (NATO Code Flounder), is a two-seater (tandem), twin-engine fighter-bomber in service with the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF), and the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). This fighter aircraft was designed and manufactured by Xian Aircraft Industry Corporation. The JH-7 Xian was first revealed publicly September 1988 as model at Farnborough International air show, with the first of two prototypes having been rolled out during previous month. This fighter aircraft is designed to have the same role and configuration class as the Russian Sukhoi Su-24 'Fencer'. The first batch of 12 to 18 JH-7 aircraft was delivered to both PLNAF and PLAAF for evaluation in the 1990's. The upgraded JH-7 is known as JH-7A and was delivered to PLAAF in 2004.

 
Variants
     
JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology
JH-7: Initial production version of the PLANAF anti-shipping fighter-bomber.
     
JH-7A: Later production utilising composite structure to reduce weight, improved flying control system and improved avionics including the JL10A Shan Ying J-band pulse-doppler radar. Weapon loads increased by the addition of two more wing hardpoints and two hardpoints under the intake trunking for mission pods such as targeting pods.
JH-7A: Later production utilising composite structure to reduce weight, improved flying control system and improved avionics including the JL10A Shan Ying J-band pulse-doppler radar. Weapon loads increased by the addition of two more wing hardpoints and two hardpoints under the intake trunking for mission pods such as targeting pods.
     
JH-7B: advanced version of JH-7A. It has stealthier features compared to JH-7A
JH-7B: advanced version of JH-7A. It has stealthier features compared to JH-7A
     
FBC-1: Flying Leopard - Export version of the JH-7.
FBC-1: Flying Leopard - Export version of the JH-7.
     
FBC-1A: Flying Leopard II - Export version of the JH-7A. This variant features 11 hard points which can carry 9,000kg of external stores.
FBC-1A: Flying Leopard II - Export version of the JH-7A. This variant features 11 hard points which can carry 9,000kg of external stores.
 
Technical Data
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Design
The JH-7 has high-mounted wings with compound sweepback and dog tooth leading. There are two small over-wing fences at approximately two third span on the basic variant JH-7, but they were removed on the improved JH-7A. Two pilots sits in tandem in the two-seat cockpit, with the rear seat slightly higher than the front seat to give the weapon operator a better filed of view. Each seat has its own back-hinged canopy. The cockpit and internal fuel tanks are protected by armour plates.
Avionic

The latest version of JH-7 is equipped with navigation and attack system fiited with a combined inertial and GPS navigation system. The pilot use a Russian derived helmet mounted sighting (HMS) system that is produced in China by the Luoyang Electro-Optical Equipment Research Institute (LOEC). It is a lightweight bracket-mounted system that uses a single small sighting reticle and a pair of cockpit-mounted IR head tracking sensors. The system offers a ±60° azimuth and ±40° pitch off-boresight engagement capability with the PL-9 air-to-air missile. Helmet weight is 0.2 kg, is utilized off of the 27 volt DC (20 watt) bus and provides queuing accuracy up to 0°35'. Development work with the GPS equipped FBC-1 is attempting to have the HMS designate points on ground thus having them stored directly into the aircraft's navigation and attack computer as a usable point of reference for future attack or intelligence retrieval.
The JH-7 is equipped with Type 232 H Eagle Eye multi-function fire-control radar, which tracks target information of YJ-8 (C-801) subsonic anti-ship missiles from a maximum distance of 70km to 100km. It also offers fixed air to air and navigation capabilities. The radar cannot operate on land due to its deficiency of terrain and precision strike abilities. For electronic countermeasures, the JH-7 Xian is fitted with encompasses Information Friend of Foe (IFF) transponder, radar warning receiver (RWR), noise jammer, and KZ-8608 electronic intelligence (ELINT) suite, chaff or flare dispensers.

Propulsion
The JH-7 Xian is powered by two British Rolls-Royce Spey Mk202 turbofan jet engines, each rated at 54.29kN (5,536kg, 12,250 lbs) dry or 91.26kN (9,305kg, 20,515 lbs) with afterburning. The fuel-efficient turbofan engine provides the aircraft with a much extended range (3,650~4,000km) compared to the turbojet-powered aircraft. The aircraft has no in-flight refuelling ability. Later production variants are powered by two WS-9 Qingling turbofans, a Chinese licensed copy of the Mk202 built by the Xi’an Aero Engine Factory (XAE) since 2004.
Armament
The JH-7 Xian is armed with a twin-barrel Type 23-III 23mm cannon with 200 rounds in a ventral installation, which can fire 300 rounds per gun. Up to 5,000kg weapon loads and/or drop tanks can be carried on external hardpoints (seven on JH-7 and eleven on JH-7A). While the early variant JH-7 could only carry anti-ship missiles and free-fall bombs, the improved JH-7A is capable of delivering a full range of precision guided and stand-off weapons.
The JH-7 Xian is fitted with two store pylons under each wing. The wingtip rails of JH-7 can carried air-to-air missiles PL-5, C-801 or C-802 (YJ-1) sea-skimming anti-ship missile.
 
Specifications
Type
Fighter bomber aircraft
Country user
China
Country producer
China
Crew
2
Armament
1 x 23mm twin barrel cannon, 57 -90 mm unguided rockets.
Air-to-Air missiles: PL-5, PL-8, PL-9
Anti-ship missile: C-81, C-802
Anti-radiation missile: YJ-91 (Russian Kh-31)
Engine
two British Rolls-Royce Spey Mk202 turbofan
Speed
Maximum speed: 1,808 km/h
Range
3,700 km maximum
Weight
28,475 kg maximum takeoff
Payload
9,000 kg
Avionic
Type 232 H Eagle Eye multi-function fire-control radar, encompasses Information Friend of Foe (IFF) transponder, radar warning receiver (RWR), noise jammer, and KZ-8608 electronic intelligence (ELINT) suite
Dimensions
Length: 22.32 m; Wingspan: 12.8 m; Height: 6.22 m
Details View

JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology

 
JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology
JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology
JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology
JH-7 Xian JH-7A JH-7B FBC-1 FBC-1A bomber fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video China Chinese PLA Air Force defence industry technology
 
Pictures - Video
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