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Sukhoi T-50 PAK FA fighter aircraft
 
 
 
T-50 PAK-FA Sukhoi  multi-role fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Russia Russian Air Force defence industry technology
 
Description

The Sukhoi PAK FA T-50 is a twin-engine jet fighter being developed by Sukhoi OKB for the Russian Air Force. The current prototype is Sukhoi's T-50.The PAK FA, when fully developed, is intended to be the successor to the MiG-29 and Su-27 in the Russian inventory and serve as the basis of the Sukhoi/HAL FGFA being developed with India. A fifth generation jet fighter, the T-50 performed its first flight 29 January 2010. Its second flight was on 6 February and its third on 12 February 2010. As of 31 August 2010, it had made 17 flights and by mid-November, 40 in total. The second prototype was to start its flight test by the end of 2010, but this was delayed until March 2011. The first flight of the PAK FA took place on January 29, 2010 in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Acceptance tests of the prototype were completed at the end of March 2010. On April 8, 2010 the first flight model of the fighter jet and a comprehensive ground stand for working out the equipment and systems to provide flight test program, were delivered to the flying test center of the Sukhoi Design Bureau in Zhukovsky near Moscow. Upon completion of the required volume of preliminary tests on the stands of systems and components, including static strength tests of the static prototype, ground tests of the aircraft stand and the flight model, on April 29, 2010 the aircraft had started flight tests in accordance with the preliminary tests program. The first flight model made 36 sorties in accordance with the flight tests program. In March 2011, the first flight of the 2nd prototype of the fifth generation aviation complex (PAK FA) took place in Komsomolsk - on - Amur. The plane was piloted by distinguished test pilot of the Russian Federation Sergey Bogdan. The aircraft spent in the air 44 minutes and landed on the factory airfield runway. The flight was successful, in full accordance with the flight plan. Stability of the aircraft test was conducted during the flight as well as evaluation of the power plant systems’ performance. The aircraft proved itself well in all phases of the planned flight program. Wednesday, December 13, 2012, the first flight of the 4th prototype of the Sukhoi T-50 fifth generation aviation complex (PAK FA) took place in Sukhoi’s KnAAPO aircraft plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The plane was piloted by distinguished test pilot of the Russian Federation, the Hero of Russia Sergey Bogdan. In August 2014, chief of the Russian Air Force, Lieutenant General Viktor Bondarev, announced that Russia will start deploying the T-50 in 2016.

 
Variants

- Navalized version

 
Technical Data
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Design
Although most of information about the PAK FA is classified, it is believed from interviews with people in the Russian Air Force and Defense Ministry that it will be stealthy,have the ability to supercruise, be outfitted with the next generation of air-to-air, air-to-surface, and air-to-ship missiles, incorporate a fix-mounted AESA radar with a 1,500-element array and have an "artificial intellect". According to Sukhoi, the new radar will reduce pilot load and the aircraft will have a new data link to share information between aircraft. Composites are used extensively on the T-50 and comprise 25% of its weight and almost 70% of the outer surface. It is estimated that titanium alloy content of the fuselage is 75%. Sukhoi's concern for minimizing radar cross-section (RCS) and drag is also shown by the provision of two tandem main weapons bays in the centre fuselage, between the engine nacelles. Each is estimated to be between 4.9-5.1 m long. The main bays are augmented by bulged, triangular-section bays at the wing root.
Designed to compete against the F-22 in traditional Beyond Visual Range (BVR) and Within Visual Range (WVR) air combat, the PAK-FA shares all of the key fifth generation attributes until now unique to the F-22 - stealth, supersonic cruise, thrust vectoring, highly integrated avionics and a powerful suite of active and passive sensors. While the PAK-FA firmly qualifies as a fifth generation design, it has two further attributes absent in the extant F-22 design. The first is extreme agility, resulting from advanced aerodynamic design, exceptional thrust/weight ratio performance and three dimensional thrust vectoring integrated with an advanced digital flight control system. The second attribute is exceptional combat persistence, the result of a 25,000 lb internal fuel load. The internal and external weapon payload are likely to be somewhat larger, though comparable to those of the F-22A.

Avionic
The PAK FA SH121 radar complex includes three X-Band AESA radars located on the front and sides of the aircraft. These will be accompanied by L-Band radars on the wing leading edges. L-Band radars are proven to have increased effectiveness against very low observable (VLO) targets which are optimized only against X-Band frequencies, but their longer wavelengths reduce their resolution. However the initial prototypes will use legacy passive electronically scanned array radar. The PAK FA will feature an IRST optical/IR search and tracking system, based on the OLS-35M which is currently in service with the Su-35S. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited will reportedly provide the navigation system and the mission computer.
Propulsion
The PAK FA was expected to use a pair of Saturn 117S engines on its first flights. The 117S (AL-41F1A) is a major upgrade of the AL-31F based on the AL-41F intended to power the Su-35BM, producing 142 kN of thrust in afterburner and 86.3 kN dry. In fact, PAK FA already used a completely new engine in its first flight, as stated by NPO Saturn. The engine is not based on the Saturn 117S and is rumoured to be called "127 engine". The engine generates a larger thrust and has a complex automation system, to facilitate flight modes such as maneuverability. Exact specifications of the new engine are still secret. It is expected that each engine will be able to independently vector its thrust upwards, downward or side to side. Vectoring one engine up with the other one down can produce a twisting force. Therefore the PAK FA would be the first fifth generation fighter with full 3-D thrust vectoring along all three aircraft axes: pitch, yaw and roll. These engines will incorporate infrared and RCS reduction measures.
Accessories
Compared to the previous generation fighters, the PAK FA features a number of unique capabilities, including the functions of a strike aircraft and fighter. The 5th generation aircraft is fitted with essentially new avionics integrating the function of “an electronic pilot” and with an advanced phased antenna array radar. This considerably reduces the pilot fatigue, enabling him to concentrate on performance of a tactical mission. The new aircraft’s onboard equipment makes it possible to exchange information in the real time mode both with on-land control stations and with aviation group aircraft. The use of composite materials and innovative technologies, and the aerodynamic streamlining ensure unprecedented radar, optic and infrared stealthiness. This significantly enhances the operational capability against aerial and ground targets in all weathers, day and night.
 
Specifications
Type
Multi-role fighrter aircraft
Country user
Prototype
Country producer
Russia
Crew and passengers
1
Engine
Saturn 117S
Speed
Maximum speed: 2,100 km/h
Range
400 - 5,500 km maximum
Weight
37,000 kg
Avionic
BRLS IRBIS AFAR/AESA
Dimension
Length: 22.0 m; Wingspan: 78.8 m; Height: 6.05 m
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T-50 PAK-FA Sukhoi  multi-role fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Russia Russian Air Force defence industry technology
 
T-50 PAK-FA Sukhoi  multi-role fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Russia Russian Air Force defence industry technology
T-50 PAK-FA Sukhoi  multi-role fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Russia Russian Air Force defence industry technology
T-50 PAK-FA Sukhoi  multi-role fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Russia Russian Air Force defence industry technology
T-50 PAK-FA Sukhoi  multi-role fighter aircraft technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Russia Russian Air Force defence industry technology
 
Pictures - Video
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Video Sukhoi T-50 PAK-FA first flight demonstration MAKS 2011 Moscow